Information on Type II Diabetes

What is type 2 diabetes?

Type II/Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.  It is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal in your body and bloodstream.  If you have been told by your doctor (diagnosed) with type 2 diabetes it means that your body does not use insulin properly.  This is called insulin resistance.  Insulin is a hormone created by your pancreas which is necessary for the proper processing of blood sugar.  As your glucose/sugar rises over time your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it.  Eventually it isn’t able to keep up and can’t make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose/sugar at normal levels.  While diabetes is a serious, life-long condition, it can be properly treated and managed.

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What causes diabetes?

Diabetes usually develops rather slowly over time, as numerous health factors contribute to the condition.  Most, but not all, of those who develop diabetes are overweight or obese.  Similarly, sedentary behavior and an unhealthy diet are major contributors.  In addition to these factors, genetic predisposition is a major predictor of diabetes, so individuals with a family history should be aware of these risks.  Diabetes likelihood increases as one gets older, and even thin individuals can develop diabetes with age.

Symptoms of diabetes

One of the more concerning aspects of diabetes is the fact that there are often no symptoms for years. However, high blood sugar, a symptom of diabetes, can cause:

  • Unusually frequent bladder, kidney, or skin infections that heal slowly
  • Fatigue, hunger, and increased thirst
  • Higher levels of urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness and tingling in your hands/feet

There are also several serious common complications associated with worsening diabetes. Diabetes increases the risk of heart and blood pressure problems, in addition to nerve, kidney, and eye conditions.

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Treatment of diabetes

For diabetic patients, it is important to maintain a low blood sugar level. This necessitates developing healthy eating habits and exercise routines. The first treatment for type 2 diabetes control is often meal planning, weight loss, and exercising.  Sometimes these measures are not enough to bring blood glucose levels down near the normal range. The next step is taking a medicine that lowers blood glucose levels.  Diabetic patients also must learn to check their own blood sugar levels, ensuring that they remain within healthy levels. As cases of diabetes worsen, patients may move from being prescribed oral medications to injectable and/or IV medications including insulin.

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